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Wellesley College J^euus 

Entered as second-class matter November 17, 1916, at the post office at Framingham, Mass., under the act of March 3, 1879. 



No. 14 

"We Are Driven to a 

League of Nations" 


"America's decision to outer the war was the 
greatest happening of the present time; and the 
most significant circumstance of today is the pres- 
ence of Wilson at the peace table," said Mr. S. 
K. Rateliffe in his talk on Wednesday evening, 
January IS. Mr. Rateliffe made clear the position 
that Mr. Wilson occupies in Europe. The public 
mind of England was caught by the utterances of 
the President, for his was the lead in the statement 
of the policies of the war. "Looking at the root 
principles of war, the European people went into 
the war for liberation. Yet the liberal leaders had 

(Continued on page 7, column S) 
ff • 

Exhibition of Rare Books and 
Manuscripts at the Library 


There has been placed in the cases in the hall 
on the second floor of the library a selection of 
manuscripts and books illustrating the begin- 
ning of the printer's art. Of the manuscripts the 
oldest and one of the most interesting is a 13th 
century copy of a philosophical work, said to have 
belonged to the library of the Italian poet, Pe- 
trarch, and having marginal notes written by him. 
The manuscript is bound in oak boards covered 
with vellum upon which may be seen the faint 
writing of the manuscript of the 11th century 
which was used to cover the boards. A manu- 
script of the Trionfi of Petrarch himself has an 
illumination representing the poet sitting under 
a tree, book in hand. A small and beautifully ex- 
ecuted manuscript of the 15th century, written 
as the note at the end naively states by Giovanni 
Bonafe in his youth, formerly belonged to the 
Marquis d'Adda whose bookplate it bears; the 
leaden seal attached signifies the permission of the 
Italian government that it should leave Italy. 
This was purchased by Miss Jackson, the curator 
of the Plimpton collection, in Italy a few years 
ago, and like the other manuscripts and books, all 
from the Plimpton collection, is the gift of Mr. 
Plimpton. The next case contains examples of in- 
cunabula, books printed before 1500. Two of 
these are the only copies in this country. Books 
in the third case, also of the 15th and early 16th 
centuries, illustrate the art of the early illustra- 
tors. Of these the Divine Comedy is a copy of 
the second book ever illustrated and besides the 
two full page plates has many small cuts in the 
text. The collection of Savonarola tracts, pub- 
lished during the lifetime of the great Italian re- 
former, contain some that are very rare and val- 
uable. Of two of those in the case, our library 
owns the only copy in the United States. 

At the other end of the library, in the third 
floor hall, the large case contains a few examples 
of the many hooks which the library owns con- 
taining autographs of famous men. Of the Eng- 
lish men of Utters represented in this section, 
Ben Jonson is the earliest. Perhaps the most in- 
teresting book is one which has not only Thack- 
eray's autograph but pencil drawings by his own 
hand on the fly leaves. The autographed letters 
displayed in the other half of the case are also 
from English authors and include letters from 
Edward Young, Thomas Campbell, Thomas Moore, 
two from Thackery, and a poem by Leigh Hunt 
written by himself. E. D. R. 

Miss Bissell Returns 

from France 


Miss Grace Bissell, formerly nurse at the In- 
firmary and a member of the Wellesley Unit, 
related some of her experiences in France to a 
group of faculty and students in Billings Hall on 
Friday afternoon, January li. She lias returned 
to this country because the need for Hed Cross 
nurses abroad has ceased to be as great as the de- 
mand for canteen and social workers. 

In the course of her talk she told her hearers 
many things that should make the members of this 
college very proud of their unit. At one hospital 
they were bombed deliberately by Boehc planes. 
After the raid, which fortunately did little dam- 
age, a nurse went into the gassed patients' ward 
to find all the beds empty. A little search revealed 
the men under the beds — there not because they 
were afraid but because according to military in- 
structions it was safer on the ground. 

Miss Bissell spoke of the wonderful cheerful- 
ness of all the men. When she went into one of 
the contagious wards in the morning one of the 
eight cases of measles called lustily — "Measles 
number by fours" and the two cases of mumps, 
not to be outdone followed with "Mumps number 
by twos." 

She could not say enough for the supreme 
courage shown always. One lad she told of with 
hand and foot black wifH gangrene. When she 
prepared to give him the anasthetic he said to her, 
"I can't nurse, I can't take it. It's almost over. 
That won't do any good." With a little bit of 
encouragement he consented to take the ether 
but he was right that the end had come, for he 
lived only to come out of the anasthetic. 

At various times Miss Bissell was stationed at 
Jouy, Chateau-Thierry (the nurses of the detach- 
ment she was with were the first to enter the 
town) and in a dangerous position in the Verdun 

Ladies Will, All Others Must 
Obey Quarantine Regulations 

Upon the reopening of college after Christmas 
vacation students found posted in conspicuous 
places the quarantine regulation: 

"On account of the influenza in Boston, students 
are asked not to attend any public place of 
amusement. — Signed, Edith S. Tufts." 

This logical appeal to the reason and courtesy 
of college women was in line with Wellesley ideals 
of self-government and the honor system. The 
administration never suspected that the polite 
phraseology of this request would by any one be 
interpreted as making the rule itself less binding. 
Yet there is evidence that quarantine regulations 
have by some been disregarded. The administra- 
tion now addresses itself to those who require a 
command rather than a request in order that their 
co-operation may be enlisted: 

"The prevailing condition in regard to the influ- 
enza epidemic is such that the attention of all 
students is again called to the requirements of the 
Board of Health of the College, and students 
should refrain from going to all places of public 
entertainment in Boston, including theatres, movies 
nnil public eating places. Students should also re- 
frain from using Subway and trolley cars. As 
soon as conditions permit these restrictions will 
In- removed, but until that time they should be 
loyally observed by every student. Signed — Ellen 
F. Pendleton." 

Letter from Madame 

Breshkovsky Received 

at Wellesley 




The News counts itself very lucky to be able to 
give its readers this letter written by Madame, 
Catherine Breshkovsky. the "Little Grandmother" 
of the Russian Revolution which is an answer to 
a note of congratulation, sent by a member of the 
faculty, upon the success of the Russian Revolu- 
tion of the spring of 1917. The Boston Herald of 
January 13 announces that .Madame Breshkovsky 
is expected to reach Seattle on January 18, and it 
may possibly be Wellesley's good fortune to have 
again a visit from her. 

Petrograd, 28 July, 1917. 
Dear and much esteemed Madame: 

Your letter of April 1.5, and those of many other 
friends from America, now as before, are of great 
comfort to me. Free as I am, and my dear coun- 
try too, I and my fellow socialists have so much 
to do that we cannot enjoy quietly the happiness 
sent to us. Such large country as Russia, and 
such numerous population as ours, with a mass of 
ignorant people, demands an immense lot of work 
to be done, before we attain the desired order and 
peace. Before the revolution we were revolu- 
tionists; now we have not to struggle physically; 
we have to develop the good sense and feelings to 
the state of consciousness, to the degree of dig- 
nity and brotherhood. It is a task that demands 
an army of devoted, indefatigable and experienced 
men and women. Helas ! our best young heroes 
rest forever in the snow of Siberia, and those that 
were grown in Russia did not see good examples 
during the last ten years. So we work without 
relaxation, and depend on a little army of devoted 
youngsters of 30-40 years old. 

Going through Russia I address myself to the 
youth in every city, and to my great joy the 
children of 15-16-17-18-19-20 years answer well to 
the demand put before them. 

Our best aid we find among the women teachers. 
They fulfil their duty in summer as devotedly as 
in winter. They are not many, for the old gov- 
ernment suffered not those who were clever and 
enlightened the population seriously. And such 
devoted persons are rarely found not only amongst 
this or that specialty; they are few in any special- 
ty ;~thanks to the bad will of the monarchists. We 
have to begin from the alphabet, and at the same 
lime to do with a lot of German agents and cor- 
rupted rascals that endeavor to betray the interior 
peace by false promises and treaeherousness. 

All this makes us thoughtful and sometimes 
sorry. For my part it proceeds perhaps as a re- 
sult of my eagerness to see the country happy be- 
fore I close my eyes. Now my health is good, my 
spirit strong, my energy young enough. But my 
age, and all that I suffered in the past make my 
(Continued on page 2, column 3) 


Mr. Thomas Thatcher, 
the Red Cross Commission 
Raymond Robbins, spoke 
faculty and students at M 
afternoon. Mr. Thatcher, 
ly out of sympathy with 
in favor of having allied 
Russia at once. 


who was a member of 
to Russia under Colonel 
to a fortunate group of 
iss Scudder's on Sunday 
dthough he is thorough- 
Bolshevism, is strongly 
tropps withdraw from 

Try-outs for intercollegiate debate were held 
on Thursday and Friday evenings, January 15 
and 16. 


Boarb of JEbitors 

Therese W. Strauss, 1919, Editor-in-Chief. 
Margaret W. Conant, 1919, Associate Editor. 
Eleanor Skerry, 1920, Business Manager. 
Marion Robinson, 1919, Assistant Business Manager. 

Assistant Editors. 

Jeanette Mack, 1919. Emily Tyler Holmes, 1920. 

Emily Thompson, 1919. Margaret Johnson, 1920 
Mary Boomer, 1920. Mary Dooly, 1921. 

Muriel Fritz, 1920 Margaret Metzger, 1921. 

Elizabeth Sayke, 1921. 

PUBLISHED weekly during the college year by a board of students of Wellesley College. Subscriptions one 
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News office by 9 A. M. on Monday at the latest and should be addressed to Miss Therese W. Strauss. All Alumnae 
news should be sent to the Alumna; office, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. Offices of publication at office 
of Lakeview Press, Irving St., Framingham, Mass., and at Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass., to either of which 
offices all business communications and subscriptions should be sent. 



Maidenly modesty is all very well in its way. 
No one admires the college girl who thinks she 
knows it all now that a bit of education has come 
her way. But there is no gainsaying it that col- 
lege students are fast growing old. Soon they 
will have reached that stage when admiring friends 
can say that they are on the verge of wisdom. 
Mature consideration and "past experience" will 
stay impulsive footsteps, and never again will 
they indulge in an irrational act. But before 
leaving this blissful land of irresponsible youth 
for the mellow domain of adult life, there is a 
contribution to be made to the world, to civiliza- 
tion, to social idealism, if you will. Has not 
Wellesley often heard that the impetuous schemes 
of the younger generation give the stimulus to 
social progress? 

It is all very well to say, "Fools rush in where 
angels fear to tread," but the love of adventure 
is not all foolishness, nor yet pure romance. It 
is only those who dare to experiment that ever 
make discoveries. Madame Breshkovsky's letter 
in this issue of the News — although perhaps every 
one will not consider this a good example in point 
— tells us that in Russia it is the boys and girls 
from 15 to 20 years of age whose courage and 
constructive idealism have made possible the over- 
throw of the autocratic regime of Czar Nicholas. 
Students here at college are in an academic and 
more or less scholarly atmosphere, where rightly 
much emphasis is laid on careful, considerate ac- 
tion. But more than this many are really quite 
old enough and intelligent enough to translate 
thinking into something more constructive. 

Take the college attitude to the League of Na- 
tions, for example. There seems to be a large num- 
ber of people in Wellesley favorably disposed to 
this plan of the President. Certainly there is no 
doubt as to the significance of the issue at the 
present time. Speakers have said that college wo- 
men can directly help this movement by joining 
the association, writing to senators, making stump 
speeches, writing to newspapers and magazines, 
and, By no means of least importance, helping to 
create the atmosphere which alone can make the 
league of Nations a real success. How about it? 
Has Wellesley responded? How many joined the 
association? Have you seen any letters from Wel- 
lesley girls in any of the papers? No doubt you 
wrote to your Senator? 

But it is not so much for the sake of this one 
particular issue, vital as it is, that the News takes 
this stand. It is that me may have concrete evi- 
dence that college is not graduating theorists, but 
women of action. 


"Wouldn't you like to play cards?" says the 
student to her caller, and suddenly, remembers 
that card-playing in the dormitories with men is 
forbidden, so she apologizes and they bemoan a 
rule which spoils their pleasure, or change the 
subject and go outdoors in search of amusement. 
There are so few occupations, amusements, pas- 
times, wh:it you will, with which one can entertain 
a man at college that it seems too bad to have one 
of them forbidden. The Inn is apt to be over- 
populated at times, and wandering about the 

campus on a sight-seeing tour is all very well for 
once, but the possibilities of even this outdoor 
sport are somewhat limited. The ban against 
cards seems to be a relic of the days when theatre- 
going and dancing were among the list of sins of 
the first degree. "Why does it still persist? And 
another why in line with the first is, "Why is 
dancing with men forbidden in the dormitories?" 
Sometimes there is a group of men and girls to- 
gether, gathered in the living room, a piano in 
sight, music hours not yet over, a good floor, and 
nine chances out of ten, some one in the party who 
can play. One is again "up against" a rule, and 
exclaims, inwardly at least, "What, Why, How?" 
What is the objection to these amusements which 
would be allowed every girl in her own home? 
Why does the rule still continue to be enforced? 
How can the student body change the ruling? 

Every one who has spoken to the students of 
their attitude towards the men coming back from 
France has said that they crave excitement. Would 
they not get more wholesome, satisfactory enjoy- 
ment if they were received in the dormitories as 
they would be in a private home and allowed the 
pleasures of dancing and card playing, than they 
do by the usual method of spending time, at Bos- 
ton hotels or killing three or four hours in the 
aimless way which seems to characterize the en- 
tertainment of callers at WeUesley? 


All contributions for this column must be signed 
with the full name of the author. Only articles thus 
signed will be printed. Initials or numerals will be 
used in printing the articles if the writer so desires. 

The Editors do not hold themselves responsible for 
opinions and statements which appear in this column. 

Contributions should be in the hands of the Editors 
by 9 A. M. on Monday. 


Current Fallacy Exploded. 

It has been with considerable amusement that 
we have watched those who most objected to 
societies as more than a minor part of college, by 
their own words make those "little houses" the 
most talked of and the most absorbing feature of 
college life. We know by experience that societies 
do not have to hold the place of importance which 
they seem to hold in the minds of some. Know- 
ing this, our amusement has changed to disgust 
at the distorted place societies have been talked 
into holding. We do not feel that we are objects 
of commiseration because we do not belong to 
societies. We do feel a desire to convey to these 
reform-members that we are quite capable of 
standing up for our own rights and are not a 
down-trodden third estate. It would seem as if 
some of the members are unnecessarily excited 
about the non-members, considering we do not 
consider ourselves in the least abused. Really, we 
are quite tired of hearing endless discussion about 
our supposed feelings concerning non-membership. 

The eligibility of all seniors of diploma grade 
has been suggested as a general cure-all for society 
ills. Perhaps the idea is that the more members 
the society has, the less the evil effects will be 
evident. Those few miserables who had not at- 
tained diploma grade would still be left out, but 
social injustice as applied to them would be en- 
tirely shadowed by the numerous array of their 
sisters in the foreground. However, what you 
give you get in societies as in everything else. We 
feel the placement committee should be exonerated 

because it certainly does its best to accommodate 
the one hundred or so varying wishes of the girls 
to the six societies. In the second place, there is 
the question of eligibility. The discussion of 
eligibility is generally started when several girls 
whom the college expects to be eligible fail to be. 
If the internal evidence in these cases was pub- 
lished concerning the academic standing, there 
would be a rapid retreat of a large majority of 
such discussions. People should apply these two 
two questions to every individual case before they 
condemn any society system. If of course there 
are some few whose failure to pass the eligible 
standards no one seems to understand, perhaps the 
lack of understanding comes because there are 
some discrepancies between the student and the 
faculty ideal of eligibility. If the students and 
the faculty were to get together, and decide on 
the same ideal for society membership, it is 
probable that the impetus for discussion unfav- 
orable to the society system would not arise. 

Two 1920-Nons. 

Letter From Madame Breshkovsky Received at 
(Continued from »age 1, column 3) 
friends prudent as to my mode of life. I am 
always survived and stopped in my actions. Per- 
haps it is reasonable, it will prolong my activity; 
nevertheless it always remembers me of my older- 
ness, and I strain to do as much as possible, fear- 
ing to fail. 

Oh, dearest madame ! let your young pupils 
work with all the energy of their age; let them 
aid the people to get better measures, better 
knowledge, better relations between them. Espec- 
ially let them love and teach children, for they 
are the hopes and the forces, mental and physical, 
of all our future life, the history of whole nations. 
Nothing is so great and beautiful as to form good 

I am grateful to you, dear lady. My responsi- 
bility makes me to depend on my friends even in 
the far-away America. 

Your devoted, 

Catherine Breshkovsky. 


That collegians must be informed regarding the 
meaning of Socialism and the Socialist movement 
if they wish to understand world politics and to 
function intelligently as citizens, is the contention 
of Harry W Laidler, Ph.D., author and secretary 
of the Intercollegiate Socialist Society, in a state- 
ment recently issued from the office of the Society. 

"A few years ago," declared Dr. Laidler, "the 
college student looked upon Socialism as the 
philosophy of a few Utopians of interest to eco- 
nomic theorists, but of no practical importance in 
the workaday world. The struggle for human 
freedom was waged largely in the political field. 
With the signing of the armistice, this struggle is 
shifting from one for political democracy to one 
for industrial democracy. The great mass of the 
people of Europe are already engaged in that 
struggle. The common people of America are 
bound to follow. That fundamental readjust- 
ments are inevitable here as abroad is no longer 
a question of dispute. The real question is shift- 
ing to this: Is the new order to be ushered in with 
violence and pain, or in a peaceful and orderly 

"The answer to this question will depend to no 
small extent on whether the collegians in this 
country possess a sympathetic understanding of 
the world wide movement toward industrial de- 
mocracy, comprehended under the general name 
of Socialism. 

"It is, furthermore, becoming increasingly diffi- 
cult for students to know the meaning of world 
politics unless he knows something about Social- 
ism. If future leaders are to come from the 
colleges, an increasing amount of attention must 
be given to the impartial study of this problem. 


"It was for the purpose of assisting the student 
t.i learn more about Socialism that the Intercol- 
legiate Socialist Society was organized in 1905, 
The Society is an educational, not a political 
propagandist organization and includes within its 
ranks men ami women of all political ami economic 
views desirous of gaining re light on the sub- 
ject. It issues a magazine, worth while literature. 

sends lecturers to colleges and holds winter and 

summer conferences." 

The headquarters of the Intercollegiate Social- 
ist Society arc at 70 Fifth Avenue. New York City. 
Literature will he sent on request. 



It will he a cherished memory for suffragists 
that Ex-President Roosevelt wrote under date of 

January :t, thne days before his death, lo Sena- 
tor .Moses of New Hampshire giving strong ex- 
pression to his suffrage conviction. The letter 

"You know how fond I am of Cabot Lodge, 
and I think he has done wonderful work during 
the past three months in international matters. 
But it is a misfortune, from the standpoint of the 
war and from the standpoint of party expediency, 
that he and Senator Wadsworth of New York and 
some of your New England Senators should have 
been so bitter about woman suffrage. I earnestly 
hope you can see your way clear to support the 
national amendment. It is coming, anyhow, and 
it ought to come. When States like New York 
and Illinois adopt it, it can't be called a wild-cat 
experiment. I very earnestly hope you can see 
your way clear to support the amendment." 


Inquiry has been made by letter regarding op- 
portunities for teachers in the Philippine Islands. 
The U. S. Civil Service Commission announces 
a competitive examination to fill existing and fu- 
ture vacancies in high school positions in the 
Islands. Entrance salaries range from $1,000 to 
$1,500, and there are positions reaching $1,000 or 
even $2,000. A copy of this announcement will be 
mailed on application to the Appointment Bureau, 
Wellesley College, accompanied by name and ad- 


At Radcliffe College Friday and Saturday, Jan- 
uary IT and 18 was held tije third Intercollegiate 
Vocational Conference to which fourteen different 
colleges sent delegates. Miss Caswell and Flor- 
ence Langley, '19, the student chairman of the Vo- 
cational Guidance Committee were the fortunate 
ones to represent Wellesley. Perhaps a short 
summary of the vocational ideas gained from the 
best speakers will most adequately acquaint Wel- 
lesley students with the benefit to he derived from 
the conference. The interests represented by the 
speakers were as varied as possible, including 
opportunities for college women in stores, in fac- 
tory employment management, in chemistry, in 
social service, in problems of reconstruction, and 
in teaching. 

Miss Emma P. Hirth, Manager of the Profes- 
sional Division of the United States Employment 
Service for the State of Xcw York gave a general 
survey of vocational opportunities for college wo- 
men. She spoke of the remarkable development 
of work for women during the war. Then in 
answer to the very evident question — will the end 
of the war and the return of a large number of 
men to their old occupations put an end to the 
opportunities for women created by their absence, 
she said she felt women's .success had been so 
significant that as soon as industry had absorbed 
men from the army women's work would ag; in 
develop soundly. In a great many vocations they 
themselves have created the need for them. Li- 
braries have been introduced into industrial or- 

I |BmrriiraifflB| |BamuaaiDg;| |m trjji.rrjLij.ujD m| |anrmiTrrrrnjB| IsrjjuiBiijjjjTs] | 

Meyer Jonasson & Co. 



will find tne newest Coats, Dresses, 
Gowns, Silk Petticoats, Skirts, 
Sweater Coats and Furs at moderate 
prices at the Meyer Jonasson Specialty 
Shop for Women and Misses. 

ganizatfons. They are there to stay aiitl the li- 
brarians with them. Women with a "nose for 
news" and an aptitude for writing have done such 
splendid information service that " they are too 
valuable for their staffs to lose. Even where the 
government is ceasing to need workers, private 
corporations are offering them positions, which is 
the situation existing in regard to statistical wo; I,. 
In speaking of training for work after college 
Miss Hirth emphasized, the importance of correlat- 
ing undergraduate work in regard to such studies 
as social economics and psychology, or mathe- 
matics and sciences. The real tragedy in the in- 
evitable displacement of women by men is among 
those who were untrained but having found life 
and work in the business world to their liking do 
not want to leave it and yet have no other alter- 

Lucinda \V. Prince, Director of the Prince 
School of Education for Store Service in Boston, 
spoke from her fund of experience on "Oppor- 
tunities for College Women in Stores." There 
are about forty students at her school of whom 
the majority are college graduates, for the bi{>- 
ger the vocation one is going into the more liberal 
an education one needs to have, and store prob- 
lems require "background, breeding, and troll- 
ing." The positions her students are trained lo 
fill consist of introducing and carrying out scien- 
tific methods of store management. For instance, 
one girl may have learned the system of a certain 
Store. If anything goes wrong in a department 
she studies the problem and because of her knowl- 
edge of the complete workings of the store in 
their relation to that department, and because her 
judgment 1ms been trained she can solve the dif- 
ficulty, leave some one in charge of the solution. 
and be free to work at the next problem. There 
are also openings in the employment management 
and assistant sales management departments. .Mr*. 
Prince emphasized the point that the work was 
essentially of an educational nature in applying 
psychology, in reconstructing attitude, ami in 
demonstrating the value of education. 

Mis. Williams, Employment Manager of the 
Plympton Press, Norwood, Massachusetts, divided 

employment management under three heads; the 

purchase of labor, the use of labor, and the in- 
terpretation of the plant to the laborers. A 

scientific method for the selection of help has not 
vet beei : oil- luii every employment man- 

ager must use some standard of select ion. In 
offering jobs t.i labor il is necessary lo know 

every job in the plant. Yet the actual hiring is 
by no means the whole problem. Hours of labor, 

fatigue factors, and sources of labor present their 
separate difficulties to he overcome. As to the 
utility of labor it is the aim of scientific manage- 
ment to make good citizens as well as good workers 
out of their employees. At the Plympton Press 
a careful record is kept of the actual amount of 

money every man lakes b ■ each week in his 

envelope in order that opportunities for work may 
be equalized whenever work is slack. Time studies 
are taken which protect the worker from being 
driven by his employer and also protect tin com 
I lai iv from being imposed upon by laziness. The 
provision of recreation is also a prominent factor 
in increasing the general utility of labor. The 
interpretation of management to employees comes 
in the settlement of grievances. There are com- 
mittees for this purpose who work with the facts 
on both sides as the only right basis for judg 
The services of the factory hospitals, first aid, 
libraries, lunch room, savings, loan and life insur- 
ance agencies, all contribute to the employees' 
realization that the right minded management is 
his friend. 

Dr. Richards Ewing, Professor of Chemistry il 
Harvard University, saw opportunities for women 
in chemistry, in teaching, in industry, and in 
analytical work, 'there is a growing need for 
teachers of Chemistry because of the increasing 
demand for its uses. He enlarged on these uses 
to some extent in accordance with his interests 
in the subject itself, particularly in connection 
with the war, which has been essentially a chem- 
ical war. However, be referred to work for wo- 
men in times of peace in control laboratories, ex- 
perimentation, research work, and in medical ap- 

Mary Jarrett, Director of Social Service Work 
at the Psychopathic Hospital in Boston, explained 
I he peculiar office of the social worker and the 
consequent great need for her services. She said 
if the lawyers, doctors, ministers, and polil 
all did their work perfectly there would be no 
in ell for the social worker. Since they fail far 
short of perfection there is a need for a type 

of worker who organizes the whole life of tin.' in- 
dividual who has fallen into 5 e difficulty. As 

the value of such work is becoming recognized 'Jte 
eill for psychiatric workers or those who specialize 
in the treatment of mental disorders is becoming 
greater. Salaries range fr mi $800 to $1,000, and 
a few workers receive $1,500. However, the main 
argument for entering the service is its human- 
itarian value. 

James P. Munroc, Chairman of the I'eieial 
Board of Vocational Education at Washington, 


D. C, began by stating that in the work with 
which he was at present most familiar there was 
nothing he could offer young women; namely, !:he 
reeducation of crippled soldiers. After telling of 
the government's plans for our cripples he dis- 
cussed reconstruction in general, the infinite num- 
ber of problems it presents, and the intangible 
ways in which the educated, well informed woman 
can be a factor of good influence. From his list 
of about twenty distinct and stupendous prob- 
lems he selected four which he considered espec- 
ially in the province of women: socialism, with 
its demands for education, simpler living, and 
equality; capital and labor, affecting women in 
industry; municipal problems of housing, sani- 
tation, and social service; and religion, to him 
synonymous with the right kind of home living 
and a great educational and social force. 

Ex-President Eliot of Harvard University feels 
that all women should train to be teachers either 
of their own children or of other peoples'. How- 
ever, teaching today in common with many other 
vocations for women tends to impair the health. 
For a remedy it is his hope to see the numbers 
of teachers increased and their work consequent- 
ly lightened and he believes there is "possible 
improvement in sight." In the- schools them- 
selves two of the most necessary improvements 
are the introduction of physical training and the 
imparting of some skill with eye, or ear or hand 
to each student. It was home-making, however, 
on which he laid his greatest stress and in which 
he saw the largest sphere of influence for the col- 
lege women. 

When an important decision is to be made it 
is well to know as much as possible about every 
opportunity open for choice. The nearer one ap- 
proaches the end of senior year the more one real- 
izes the application of this to the choice of a 
vocation. From this point of view the conference 
was particularly happy in its range of subjects 
and their presentation. 

F. I. L., '19. 

Y. M. C. A. 

On Active Service with the 
American Expeditionary Force 

Dec. 3, 1918. 

Just at present I am on my way into Germany — 
one of the eight women who are at present allowed 
to go with the army. One of them is, of course, 
my dear little Scotch girl, of whom I am prouder 
than ever, because she has been a area! heroine 
times without number. 

Thank fortune I was with the 79th a week before 
the armistice was signed. I shall never forget 
those last days. The boys had no idea, most of 
them, that the war was near an end until ten 
minutes of eleven, when the order went out to 
stop firing in ten minutes. "We were pretty well 
shelled, and slept in the cellar until the rats were 
so bad that we decided that we would rather take 
our chances with shrapnel than with rats. One 
night Ella rebelled at going down, and I wasn't 
sorry to second her, so after that we slept in the 
storehouse, among Y. M. C. A. boxes and barrels. 
Don't let me deceive you about the warehouse. It 
is only called that by courtesy. The house it is 
— or was — in had been hit several times and so our 
floor was only a lake of mud and debris. We 
had a beautifully respectable front door, with an 
iron grille, and a lock which we carefully fastened 
every night, since we were the only women for 
miles and miles and miles. Not that we were 

College Girl Corsets 

Carefully Fitted at 

Madam Whitney 's 

Room 29 The Waban Wellesley 

Camisoles Combinations Brassieres Negligees 

afraid of these boys — in fact no one could feel safer. 
It is just a sort of inherited precaution. And 
then one night it struck us as absurdly funny, 
seeing that the whole back side of the house had 
been blown away and was open to every wind 
of heaven, all the rats and a pussy cat that was 
the only civilian part of the population left in 
the village. One morning while Ella was mending 
the front of her car two pieces of shrapnel went 
into the back. We dug them out with great labor, 
and she carries them around in her skirt pocket 
along with her red worker's permit, as her most 
priceless possessions. But I am more proud of 
her for saving the life of a boy who was hit with 
a high explosive shell along the road on which she 
was driving. She got out her first aid kit and 
bandaged him up and then tore off down the road, 
grabbed a colonel's car and sent him to the nearest 
dressing station for stretcher bearers while she her- 
self went back and held the boy's hand until they 
came. She was a sight when she came back and 
her coat could never be worn again. The boy's 
legs were both badly shot, but because she got 
help to him so soon they were both saved. . 

It was a gay life in that little town. No water, 
unless we walked three-quarters of a mile for it 
along a shelled road, and then we had to boil 
every bit we drank. Mud, mud, mud till I shall 
always dream of it, and dirt until I felt as if I 
had never seen anything else. But always those 
blessed boys to do something for, so we didn't 
really mind. One afternoon I made fifty-five gal- 
lons of fudge, and gave it away. Another time 
it was candy out of corn syrup, with canned but- 
ter from the quartermaster, who was always our 
ally and would give us anything he possessed. 
Almost every day it was cookies, and every day 
hot chocolate and cigarettes. The boys were so 
happy over everything we could do. I made 
enough for every boy in the battalion and all the 
runners coming through and the supply company 
and the M. P.'s along the line to have about a 
quarter of a pound apiece. And a general — I 
suppose I mustn't tell his name yet — who came by 
and stopped to ask directions and the cause for 
the crowd — the whole battalion was lined up in a 
perfect tangle before my field stove — went away 
in his limousine beating a tin cup full of the hot 
candy that had just come off the stove and had 
not had time to harden, with an army spoon. 

And then every afternoon I took about six 
hundred newspapers in a little cart which the 
Huns had left behind them and made the tour of 
the boys in the dugouts on the hillsides, where no 
car could go. How those boys did scurry out of 
their poor little holes like rabbits out of their 
burrows ! Nobody who has not seen it will ever 
believe what awful conditions those men have had 
to live under, because it is simply inconceivable to 
us. No sanitary arrangements anywhere, no water, 
no adequate shelter — but then other people have 
told it — all that can be told. I had on the cart 
a German gas alerte that one of the boys had 
given me, and I used to blow that. They knew it 
meant papers, and how they did come running! I 
couldn't let them gather together too many at a 
time, though, because if a shell came over it 
would "get" too many. But they didn't seem to 
mind, and we had our stock jokes. 

We weren't in one town all the time, but moved 
with the division. We were in the last town the 
Germans held before the armistice, and which our 
boys took away from them only long enough for 
us to be there one day. Our quarters were quite 
magnificent there, a room on the second . story, 
which is a rare thing now, and which had ap- 
parently been used as staff headquarters, for it 
was fitted up with handmade cupboards and 
shelves, papered with burlap, on which owls and 
flowers had been stenciled and the fat German 
wreaths that look like sausages. I have a sou- 
venir for you which I took from the walls — unless 
you prefer another souvenir. The colonel of the 
regiment sent over and presented the quarters to 

us, and we felt quite elegant. And every night 
this same colonel had a big army milk-can of 
water brought to us, hot from one of the field 
kitchens, so that we could -each have a bath in 
our rubber tub ! Talk about thoughtfulness ! I 
don't know when I have ever appreciated any deli- 
cate attention from any man more. We ate in 
the field kitchens, going down and standing in 
line with our mess kits under our arms and wait- 
ing for our turn. Sometimes we had to go to the 
officers' mess, or they would have been cross at us. 
And once for five days I cooked for nineteen offi- 
cers on an improvised brick stove, because the 
kitchen was lost. 

I wish I could make you see the country, but I 
can't and no use trying. And I wish, too, I could 
tell you how peace came, and how strange it 
seemed without the guns and without the feeling 
that whenever the boys went out they might never 
come back. There was a great celebration, I can 
assure you. And then the boys insisted on taking 
us all through the trenches and the German dug- 
outs on a sight-seeing tour, and we had a dance 
in a German dugout where there were two pianos ! 
And the souvenirs that they heaped on us ! I wish 
I could bring them home, but I can't. And the 
country around beyond Verdun — I forgot to tell 
you that is where we have been — is simply one 
enormous dump heap of German equipment and 
ammunition. You must be careful whete you walk 
or you will be blown up going through the fields 
by stray shells and grenades and fuses and flares 
and what-not. I lugged home a suit of German 
armor — it really looks like the middle ages, with 
breast-plate and helmet and leg-pieces. And I 
have seen a pile of the terrible saw-edged bayonets, 
as high as a room, and I know they used them, 
as well as dum-dum bullets, of which there were 
cases and cases and cases. Since peace, every 
night has been a Fourth of July, with the ammu- 
nition dumps in all directions being fired by the 
engineers. The officers go off and bring back 
flares and all sorts of things which they shoot off 
for our amusement. And they are so pleased at 
themselves, like little boys, that we cheer them 
on and are only thankful that the terrible things 
are being used so innocently. 

I say all these things were, because we have 
already passed the country of desolation on our 
way to Germany. Luxembourg, where we are now, 
is glass-windowed and steam-heated and electric- 
lighted, and we sleep in real beds instead of on 
army cots and as many blankets as we can carry. 
There is more food, and the stores are full of 
things. On the twelfth we go into Germany — to 
Coblenz. I don't know how long I shall stay — as 
long as I think I am needed. In some ways the 
Y is more necessary now, for the boys are rest- 
less to get home and need to be kept out of the 
mischief that is so easy to find. But that will 
have to be worked out. 

I must stop. It's nearly midnight. And I have 
beaucoup chocolate to make tomorrow and two 
Christmas plays to coach and the decorations of 
the Christmas tree to get under way and other 
things. * * * * 

Eloise Robinson. 

P. S. — I hunted up Joyce Kilmer's grave, be- 
tween Fismes and Fere-en-Tardenois, on a hill- 
side and the edge of a wood, looking over a lovely 
valley — near where Quentin Roosevelt's grave is. 
I had nothing to leave but an armful of red ber- 
ries from a rose bush in the garden of one of the 
little towns. But some one has taken loving care 
of it. 

Andrew B. Hay Jen 


Weli.esi.f.y Square. 

Glasses prescribed for aid and improvement 

of vision. 

Broken lenses replaced without prescription. 

(Bring broken lens.) 


[Note: The only value * > r this is thai it is just did happen.] 

Letter Fho.m one Harassed Reporter to Another. 
"My darling classmate: I now write 

To ask a boon of you. 
I know I've asked it oft before 
(My nerve was with me, too). 

"I do beseech you, kindest one 
• Knowing how rushed I he. 
To lend me of your fertile brain 
To do the F. of P. 

"The editress — that heartless one! — 

No pity has on me. 
She thinks I live an' move an' breathe 

To do the F. of P. 

"Whereas, as you must surely know 

My academic's low, 
Instructors with me do confer 

At every class I go. 

"So please have pity, generous one, 

(My misery you see), 
And hand to me, ere morning comes 

A finished F. of P." 

The Reply. 

"If I could write a P. of F. 

I'd gladly help you out, 
For nothing more appeals to me 

Than poetry to spout. 

"But now my genius has to burn 

Most editorially. 
And, you may know, these two don't jibe, 

And mixed up they might be. 

"Therefore, my friend, the boon you ask 

I fear I must refuse. 
So make your own attempts at wit, 

And put 'em in the News." 

The Sequel. 
Reporter desperate then became — 

She could not funny be, 
For nights before the Xews came out 

She dreamed of F. of P. 

She met the editress the day 

Her little pome was due — 
".My child, your P of F. is good, 

And very clever, too!" 

"My P. of F. !" the youngster cried, 

"I haven't done it yet 1" 
"Then who those two cute letters wrote? 

You did 'em both, I'll bet!" 

No more was needed. Heroine 

With swift dispersing blues 
Snatched up those letters (0.1 I've done I) 

And stuck 'em in the Xews! 


"You are old, Reverend Senior," the Young Girl 

"And your hair is becoming quite white, 
And yet you incessantly talk through your hat — 

Do you think at your age it is right?" 

"In my youth," Reverend Senior replied to the 

"Sad were my reflections upon it, 
But now that I have one so chic, a la mode, 

Why shouldn't I talk through my bonnet?" 

"You are old," said the maid, "as L mentioned 

And have grown most uncommonly thin, 
And yet you are always partaking of food — 

Pray, what can the reason have been?" 

"In my youth," said the Senior, and powdered her 
"I sometimes attended my classes, 
And the crush in the Ad. Building's more than 
To explain the gaunt state of the lasses." 

"You are old," said the maid, "and your strength 
is too frail 

For anything wilder than knitting, 
Yet you dance at the ball with the gayest of all — 

Pray, what are the causes permitting?" 

"In my youth," said the Senior "I went to the Gym, 
And jumped with ecstatic endeavor, 

And the muscular strength that it gave to my 
Will last me for ever and ever." 

"You are old," the girl said, "I should hardly 
That your nerve was as steady as ever, 
Yet you stole an umbreir which its owner loved 
What makes you so awfully clever?" 

"I have answered three questions and that is 

Said the Senior, "Be off to your play! 
Don't let your wit spoil nor drink cod liver oil 

And vou'll know all that I know some dav !" 


Telephone 409 

For Prompt Service 

Competent Drivers 

Comfortable Cars 

Look for cars marRed E. O. P. 

Telephone 409 for prices to Boston 
or other trips, or call at Garage 


Stationery, Athletic Goods 



APRIL 1st 

Miss Harris, Manager 

Fashionable Ladies Tailor 

Suits Made to Order - Riding Habits a Specialty 
^JiJe also do all kinds of Cleaning, Mending and Pressing 

WELLESLEY SQUARE, N«t to tht Post Office 
WELLESLEY. Phone 471-W 



Breakfast 8 to 10 

Luncheon 12 " 2 

Dinnbr 6 " 8 

Waffles Seeved with Afternoon Tea. 



House practically fireproof. 

Steam Heat 



Let B. L. KARRT. the Local Tailor. Jo your 


Workmanship and Satisfaction Always Guaranteed 



Tailor and Furritr 
Wellcsley Square. Opp. Post Office Tel- Wei 2I7-R 



65 Linden St., West Wellesley, Mass. 

(Flowers Telegraphed) Telephone 597 

1886 ESTABLISHED 1918 



Best makes of rubber heels and tennis soles. 

Shoes shined and oiled. 

Shoes repaired, not while you wait, but well. 

15 Weston Road, near Noanett 



Wellesley has felt so keenly the tragedy of Miss 
Rose Sidgewick's death, realizing that the loss of 
an educator of such wide vision is indeed a loss to 
Wellesley, that no doubt many members of the 
college will be interested in the following account 
of Miss Sidgewick's life, taken from a letter to the 
New York Evening Post. 

She came of a sturdy Yorkshire stock; her 
father is Mr. Arthur Sidgewick, the well-known 
Greek scholar, first a master at Rugby and then 
an Oxford don, younger brother of Prof. Henry 
Sidgewick, whose wife, late principal of Newhnam 
College, Cambridge, is the sister of Mr. A. J. Bal- 
four, the Foreign Secretary. Her father's young- 
est sister was the wife of the late Archbishop 
Benson, so that Miss Sidgewick was a cousin of 
Mr. A. C. Benson and his two-well-known brothers. 
There is a letter in Henry Sidgewick's Life, de- 
scribing a visit to his brother at Rugby, in which 
he says: "Rose" (aged then about two) "is cer- 
tainly a charming creature"; and a charming 
creature she was throughout her all too short life. 
"Mrs. Sidgewick's nieces," Rose and Ethel, the fu- 
ture novelist, from the time when they were quite 
young girls were very familiar to us at Newnham, 
where they used to come to stay with their aunt. 
Miss Rose Sidgewick studied at Oxford, and took 
high honors in the history school. For a time she 
was librarian at Somerville College, Oxford, and 
later went to the University of Birmingham as 
lecturer in history, at a time when it was still un- 
usual for a woman to be appointed to a university 
post. At Birmingham she lived in the Hostel for 
Women Students (taken over by the military dur- 
ing the war), then in charge of Miss Margery Fry, 
now so well known for her share in the Friends' 
Reconstruction work in France. There were other 
distinguished women lecturers also residing there, 
and the building was beautiful in itself, and charm- 
ingly situated and equipped. I know intimately 
many women's colleges in England and in this 
country, but the hostel at Birmingham stands out 
in my memory, beautiful outside and in, with an 
atmosphere of cultivation created by Miss Fry 
and Miss Sidgewick and their colleagues. This 
residence in a provincial university was felt by 
Miss Sidgewick herself to be of the highest value 
in broadening her academic experience, and it 
made her far better fitted to appreciate nad under- 
stand the educational problems of this country 


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217 Fifth Avenue, N. Y. 
Dcpi. FW35 

than if she had only known Oxford and Cam- 

Her impressions of American education gath- 
ered on this tour were so sympathetic, and so 
vivid and acute, that it is nothing short of tragic 
that she cannot share in writing the educational 
mission's report, or in shaping the policy for the 
educational alliance between the two countries 
which we hope is to be so close. That is the public 
aspect of her work, but all who knew her even 
slightly, or heard even one of the addresses she 
made in this country, must feel that the world is 
the poorer by the death of one in whom loftiness 
of thought and character and power of intellect 
were combined with rare sweetness and unselfish- 
ness. In the tragedy of her death so far from 
home may we not be glad that so many here had 
an opportunity of seeing one who was in such a 
high degree a composition and pattern of what is 
loveliest in English life; and think that her heart 

Gives somewhere back the thoughts by England 

Her sights and sounds; dreams happy as her day; 
And laughter, learnt of friends, and gentleness, 
In hearts at peace, under an English heaven. 

Gertrude Hirst. 
Barnard College, January 1, 1919. 


On Friday, January 17, at 4.30, Mr. Charles 
F. Towne spoke in Room 24 on "Americanization." 
Mr. Towne, who is at present working with for- 
eigners in Massachusetts, under the auspices of 
the State Board of Education, considered the 
subject in its significance with regard to general 
re-construction work. The war, he said, gave the 
impulse to this new effort for assimilation. By 
the 1910 census, it was shown that there were in 
the United States 5,800,000 people unable to read 
or speak English. Specifically, this meant in- 
ability to read enlistment posters, food conserva- 
tion pledges, draft summons. In the first draft 
there were called two hundred thousand men who 
could not understand the orders of their officers. 
Even immediately before the armistice there were 
still fourteen hundred men at Camp Devens who 
could not speak or understand the language of the 
country for which they were ready to give their 

Such conditions presented a definite problem. 
Just two years ago Secretary Lane called a meet- 
ing of the Governors and leading men of the coun- 
try, at which he requested that everything possible 
should be done to teach English to the foreign- 
born population, that they might understand the 
purpose and ideals of America. His definition of 
America as "the striving of the human heart for 
something better," and the President's appeal to 
make the world "safe for democracy," furnish 
the key to the motive power of the social forces 
in Europe and America today. On February 3 
the textile workers of this country will work eight 
hours and no longer, irrespective of their employ- 
ers' wishes. This is only one illustration of the 
fact that men everywhere are thinking more about 
democracy. It is the duty of the state to provide 
them the means of thinking intelligently. 

One cause of Industrial strife, said the speaker, 
is the inability of the workers to understand con- 
ditions. Ignorance was a factor in the Lawrence, 
Connecticut, and I. W. W. troubles. Without any 
desire to prevent men who think themselves jus- 
tified from striking, we should desire them to de- 
cide their conduct after knowing the facts. It is 
essential that there shall be a basis of good under- 
standing for right relations between the native 
and foreign born. 

The war has changed our attitude to the immi- 
grants. Before, they were not really free. Illit- 
erate and helpless, they were crowded into foreign 
quarters, into insufferable housing conditions, hard 

work and low pay, and were held in general con- 
tempt. Now that their men and the men of hap- 
pier fortune have fought together and proved each 
other, we recognize a common- relationship. 

How meet the problem? A war emergency re- 
quired speed. In Massachusetts, with the co-op- 
eration of the manufacturers, trained teachers 
opened classes in the factories — a move expensive 
for the employers, but ultimately beneficial to them 
in greater efficiency, safety, and lessened friction 
through understanding. In Boston the Woman's 
Municipal League is doing fine work with forty 
classes. The method is comprehensive and direct, 
in contrast to the old grammar-translation study. 
It is practical, dramatic and simple, based on the 
fundamental idea of association and objective 

Teaching English is only one step in Americani- 
zation; the effort to bring out the best that these 
people can give, for a united nation has many 
phases. If we realize, however, that these "Po- 
locks" and "Dagoes" are of the race of geniuses, 
we shall see the opportunity in it, said Mr. Towne. 
The Americanization movement has need for col- 
lege women. "If in college you acquire broad 
views, wide background, and social interest, you 
will be able to render some service in the great 


Life is like a road on which are dropped the 
discarded spiritual equipment of the past, said 
the Rev. James Gordon Gilkey at Christian Asso- 
ciation meeting January 15. Some things it is 
wise to leave behind — outgrown friendships, many 
religious ideas and convictions — but many times 
one drops the wrong friendships or throws away 
not only the frame but the " religious ideas that 
in themselves are valuable. It is well to throw 
aside the phrasing of past years and find new to 
express developing ideas. One no longer believes 
the universe was created in six days of twenty- 
four hours each but that a "great, loving, intelli- 
gent Power made this world and stands firmly 
behind it." 

So it is with the life of humanity, said Dr. 
Gilkey. Since 1850 the world has been dashing 
ahead to world democracy, and the reason for the 
appaling disaster of war was that it had discarded 
the wrong equipment. Now it is the tremendous 
task of the modern church and a new generation 
to bring back those spiritual qualities, — to see 
that the new social order is based on service, that 
in international diplomacy there is frankness and 
honesty, that a new economic order is based on 

"The church is not here to preach theology and 
perpetuate denominationalism," said Mr. Gilkey, 
"but to preach the new order of democracy and 
world peace. It has a right to demand your help." 


Friday night, by the light of two huge fires and 
a full moon the college held carnival on the ice 
of Stone Hall Cone. 


'1$: Mary Scotland MeLouth to Lieutenant 
Howard J. Henderson, University of Rochester 


Before the war — in educational work in Turkey. 
During the war — in Y work in France (which he 
will illustrate by posters from "over there.") 

Now — waiting to return to Turkey. 



Tower Court, 2.30 P. M., Sunday, Jan. 26. 
The Student Volunteers, want you to get ac- 
quainted with Mr. Harlow, and the work 
which he represents, which is of such 
interest to college students. 


Hlumnae department 

(The Editors are earnestly striving to make this 
department of value by reporting events of interest 
to Wellesley Alurance as promptly and as completely 
as is possible. The Alumnx are urged to co-operate by 
sending notices to the Alumnae General Secretary or 
directly to the Wellesley College News.) 


'10. E. Dorothy Pierson to Ralph Palmer 
Baker of New London, Conn. 
'11. Marion Squire Hill to Vernon Gregory 

Sloan, ensign, of Littleton, .Mass., M. I. T., '12. 

ex-'l.'. -Marion Poster to Lloyd W. Knight, 
lieutenant, of Dorchester, Mass., Dartmouth, '12. 

'18. Ruth P. Airman to Dr. Philips Foster 
Greene of Montclair, N. J., Harvard Medical 


'II. Harrison-Warren. On Dec. 9, at Eutaw, 
Ala., Bertha M. Warren to Thaddcns Harrison of 
Bessemer, Ala. 

'16. Patch-Remson. On Sept. 7, Elizabeth W. 
Remson to Richard Harkncss Patch, Harvard, '10, 
Ph.D., '14. 

'16. Spivey-Rundle. On Jan. 1, at Harvey, 111., 
Dorothy E. A. Rundle to Willis Tillman Spivey, 

cx-'16. Roberts-Hoggson. On Jan. 2, Harriet 
Hoggson to Ten Brook Roberts, ensign. 


'03. On Jan. 4, a son, Arthur Dalrymple to Mrs. 
Joseph M. Adams (Alice E. Dalrymple). 

'04. On Dec. 29, in Redlands, Cal., a daughter, 
Katherine, to Mrs. Sidney L. Lasell (Ruth Lyon)„ 

ex-'14. On Nov. 18, in San Francisco, Cal., a 
son, Wendell Pierce, to Mrs. Wendell Cooper 
Hammon (Franc Pierce). 


'86. Killed in action on the Western Front on 
October 6, Lt. William H. Chandler, son of Mrs. 
John S. Chandler (Henrietta Rendall) of Madras, 

'01. On January 6, at Mount Vernon, N. Y., 
Mrs. Grace F. Bussey, mother of Frances F. Bus- 
sey, VI, and Gertrude C. Bussey, '08. 

'16. In France, Lt. Edward L. Moore, brother 
of Mrs. Aubrey Patterson (Frances Moore). 

'17. On Dec. 18, at Manchester, N. H.„ Gracia 


'92. Flora A. Randolph to 1350 Bryant St., 
Palo Alto, Cal. 

'98. Sarah Foster to 1819 Beverlay Road, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

'98. Mrs. Robert M. Woodbury (Helen Sum- 
ner) to 5227 CorneU Ave., Chicago, 111. 

'11. Mrs. Thaddeus Harrison (Bertha M. War- 
ren) to Bessemer, Ala. 

'12. Mrs. W. H. Bussey (Marion Smith) to 429 
Walnut St., S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

'16. Mrs. Richard Patch (Elizabeth W. Rem- 
son) to 500 Midvale Ave., Germantown, Pa. 

'17. Mrs. George W. Nicoll (Iola Johnson) to 
91 Raymond Ave., West Somerville, Mass. 


Women are taking high office by appointment 
in the State of New York, Governor Smith having 
just designated a woman. Miss Frances Perkins, 
to the place of State Industrial Commissioner at 
a salary of $6,000 a year. This is the highest sal- 
aried job any woman has ever held under the State 
Government and the sixth place in the big jobs 
of the State. 

Suffragists are everywhere showing keen inter- 
est in the industrial side of reconstruction and be- 
lieve that the demobilization of women brought 
into industry by war conditions, should be con- 
ducted with full justice to them as workers. Miss 
Perkins' opportunity will demonstrate their prac- 
tical ability in this line. 

To those who hive wondered how the alumnae 

feel toward the question of keeping Tree Day it 
will Ik- enlightening to read this extract of a letter 
from one of them. Tracy L'Engle, '15, is doing 
canteen work in "a little town in the fool-hills of 
tin- Yosges," where she has been close to the war, 
and this is what she wrote last May: 

"On my table as 1 write there is a bowl of red 
peonies, poppies and iris, and tiny fragrant white 
carnations from Madame's garden — a little garden 
closed in by the house and a warm gray-stone, 
red-tiled wall against which grow fruit trees and 
grape vines. Since the war Madame's garden is 
"beaucoup" de vegetables, but each bed has its 
border of flowers — and so it is from one end of 
Prance to the other. ... I suppose you aren't 
having Tree Day Saturday — or are you? Oh, I wish 
we could be sensible at home and keep up all the 
beauty there is, at the same time that we are mak- 
ing a real business of winning the war. The 
French have done it — and the world needs it so !" 

Appeals for the support of the needs of the up- 
lift settlements and schools in the Kentucky moun- 
tains are being brought to our attention from time 
to time, and we learn that the advice of the author- 
ities of the various colleges for women is sought 
by graduates regarding the work in that section. 

It is difficult to obtain accurate information re- 
garding conditions, responsibility and reliability 
of new enterprises in these almost inaccessible re- 
gions, though the need of uplift work is becoming 
more and more apparent, and commanding more 
and more attention. However, from investigations 
made in the mountains, and generally — in behalf 
of Wellesley, Radcliffe, Smith, and Mt Holyoke, 
we feel warranted in unreservedly recommending 
as entirely worthy of support the long and well- 
established and comprehensive work of Hindman 
and Pine Mountain Settlement, each of which is 
under the guidance of a strong, able and self- 
sacrificing corps of helpers, including many grad- 
uates of Wellesley and other colleges. These in- 
stitutions are properly officered, supervised and 
advised, as well as financed. There are newer and 
doubtless well intended enterprises soliciting from 
graduates, which are yet to make their record. 
Wellesley women are advised not to respond to 
such appeals unless they personally know of the 
work of these newer schools. 

Eulest F. Pendleton. 

Mr. Ratcliffe Shows Problems of Peace Table. 

(Continued from page 1, column 1) 
fallen down in Europe so the leadership came to 
Wilson." In Europe there has never been any 
question as to Wilson's presence in Paris. An al- 
most unanimous demand for him arose. With the 
executive heads of all the nations present they ex- 
pected as much if not more from the United 

As is always his custom, Mr. Ratcliffe com- 
pared England and America — this time, in atti- 
tude. "The British student," he began, "thinks 
there is no country 'which follows so closely the 
example of the past as America. There is a ten- 
dency to quote speeches and documents as if they 
were Holy Writ! The English quote an old leader 
to criticize him. Today the English do a thing 
because they haven't done it before. The war has 
changed traditions. We are the radical nation and 
the United States is taking its place as one of the 
most conservative." 

Before peace came, it was thought the decision 
of terms would be simple. Everyone realized there 
would be change; but we did not forsee the mag- 
nitude of the change. At the beginning three 
great empires were fighting. They were joined 
by a fourth. Turkey. Now all these empires have 
disappeared. Russia is passing through ana rehv. 
Turkey through dissolution, Germany is broken, 

Austria is no longer existing — "We see now 
allied victory was not possible unlit tin- old world 
was done away with." 

We cannot foretell the coining events in the 
Central Empires. Whether Germany will have a 
conservative counter-revolution, whether German 
discipline may bring about stability, or whether a 
liberal "socialist" republic may develop il is im- 
possible to forecast. Tin- imperfect news that we 
have points to the republic but the possibility re- 
mains that like Russia, Germany will have a "red" 
revolution. "The first thing to do when thinking , 
about peace problems is to make clear that war 
with Germany is over. Imperial Germany does not 
exist. Germany and Russia have shown that n 
nation can change its personality in a short space 
of time. We must not think that old Germany is 
coming back, we must adjust our intelligences I" 
a new Europe in which the allied powers will 
have to consider very different questions than those 
of the age which ended November 11." And .Mr. 
Ratcliffe also pointed out that wc must deal with 
a larger number of small states in the future which 
were formerly parts of empires. Bohemia, Po- 
land, Jugo-Slavia are certain to emerge and others 
may appear. 

The character of the new Europe is the inter- 
esting question of the day. The disagreements 
among the new nationalities is evidence of inten- 
sified national sentiment that arose because of the 
war. This is the difficulty of today. According to 
Mr. Ratcliffe, however, this ultra nationalism is 
inevitable for it is the result of the emotions and 
policies of the war. A League of Nations is there- 
fore a necessity. 

"We must have a League of Free Nations and 
not a League of Powers of Governments, in order 
to avoid exploitation of small peoples and to have- 
protection of certain valuable regions. It is our 
duty to make the League of Free Nations the ex- 
pression of the hopes of free peoples for interna- 
tional order." The necessity that has arisen for 
international control of the food situation shows 
need for an international control of larger things. 
The League of Nations is forced upon us by a 
lack of alternatives. "The idea of balance of 
power belongs to yesterday. We cannot have it 
without the old Europe to form alliances. The red 
element against the conservative element is not a 
balance of power. We are driven to a League of 
Free Nations." 

In conclusion, Mr. Ratcliffe expressed his hopes 
for America and England. "The English speak- 
ing people are the leaders of humanity now. I 
believe that there is no question but that the future 
of the world is in our hands. We have institutions 
of political freedom. We have the heritage and 
stimulus of examples before us. Posterity will 
judge us on our use of our military victory and 
the way in which we meet the obligation that has 
come at the end of the old world and the beginning 
of the new." 

Dr. George E. Greenleaf 

Surgeon Chirojioitixt on,/ Foot Specialist. 

Graduate of the Middlesex College of Medicine 

and Surgery 


Dr. Irene Blissard, "Marinello Shop." 

Little BIdg 

80 Boylston St., Rooms 919 and 920 

Boston. Mass. Tel. Beach 1989-J 

rioughton-Gorney Flower Shop 

Park Street Church. Boston 

Telephones Haymarket 3311-3313 

Original— Artistic — Decorators 

Free delivery to Wellesley. 



Friday, January 24. Group II meetings. 

8 P. M. Billings Hall. Address by Superin- 
tendent Thompson of the Boston Public 
Sunday, January 26. Houghton Memorial Chapel. 
11 A. M. Bishop "William F. McDowell, of 

Washington, D. C. 
7 P. M. Vespers. Special music. 
Wednesday, January 29. 7.15 P. M. Billings Hall. 
Christian Association Meeting. Subject, 
Wellesley Missionaries m the Far East. 
Leader, Miss Hart. 
No meeting in the village. 

The All Important Issue 



The last meeting of the House was called to 
order at 4.40 P. M., January 16, 1919. The fol- 
lowing business was discussed. 

I. Report from the Senate. 

The House decided to discuss separately the 
recommendations of the Senate in regard to re- 
visions of the error slip as presented by the House. 

1. It was voted that II, 3, "failure to register 
chaperon's name and address" be restated to read 
"failure to register complete information about 

2. It was voted that the Senate's recommenda- 
tion in regard to III, 6, be changed to read "in 
the case of a member of the College Staff who 
chaperons for the evening, her name alone shall 
be sufficient." 

3. It was voted to amend note 4 so that it 
should read, "when cancelling registration after, 
7.30 " P. M., and returning to Wellesley before 
that time, the Head of House having been noti- 
fied, the registration slip should be brought to the 
Head of the House before 10 P. M. 

Miss Coleman then summed up as follows the 
changes that have been made in penalties for vio- 
lation of rules: 

1. The term College Government Probation has 
been dropped. 

2. Every serious error goes before the Senate 
and is given a penalty of loss of privileges for not 
less than one week nor more than three. 

3. All special cases go before the Senate. 

II. The inconsistency of the term Probation for 
Penalty for infringement of quiet rules now that 
the term has been dropped. A discussion fol- 
lowed of the seriousness of conditions with regard 
to quiet. It was voted that the ruling should be 
reworded to read as follows: "the penalty for 
infringement of quiet rules shall be loss of priv- 
ileges for three weeks." 

III. Coming in late. 

It was voted to emphasize that girls coming in 
late should not ask their friends to let them in 
hut to wait for the watchman or someone author- 
ized by the Head of the House and should always 
sign up in the book except in case of genreal ex- 
cuses, such as are given for Barn Plays, etc. 
The House then adjourned. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Elizabeth Cox, Sec'y. 


The War Shelf at the library has been replaced 
by the Reconstruction Shelf. Books relating to 
the problems of reconstruction will be placed on 
this shelf as received and will go out for two weeks 
to members of the faculty and students. 

Since the Christmas holidays the library opens 
at 8.10 A. M. instead of at 8 o'clock as formerly. 
This will he the regular hour of opening here- 

When Mr. George Nasmyth, at present secre- 
tary of the League of Free Nations Association, 
spoke in Billings Hall on Monday afternoon, Jan- 
uary 13, he did not so much supply the college 
with new information on this most important ven- 
ture of the Peace Congress, but rather he pointed 
that which most of the students already knew, in 
a way that made it valuable and more than ever 
convincing. As the first talk of a series to he 
delivered at Billings regularly at 4.30 on Monday 
afternoons, Mr. Nasmyth's lecture roused much 
enthusiasm. He showed clearly how each of Pres- 
ident Wilson's fourteen points which have received 
such widespread approbation would be futile if 
not enacted in connection with an organized League 
of Nations. 

"The League," he said, "can not be over em- 
phasized. It is all important for all the other 
problems which shall come up at the peace con- 
ference will depend upon this one fundamental 
problem for their settlement." As an illustration 
of this point Mr. Nasmyth showed that the set- 
tlement of Italy's claims to Dalmatia as well as to 
Italia Irridenta would be looked upon very dif- 
ferently if taken from the point of view of a 
League of Nations, instead of from the standpoint 
of the timeworn balance of power doctrine. In 
the same way France would have her claims to the 
left bank of the Rhine as well as to Alsace looked 
upon quite differently by each of these theories. 
Not only is the League of Nations all-important 
to every other settlement, but it is the supreme 
issue at stake for the United States. "I don't 
believe that any plan of annexations or indem- 
nities is worth the life of a single American sol- 
dier," Mr. Nasymth said, "but' if we can get a' 
League of Nations, the fight was worth while." 
Moreover he affirmed that the League would be- 
come a fact if only the Uiiited States were solidly 
behind it. But all over Europe it is being said that 
President Wilson stands almost alone in his con- 
viction, because those who are against the League 
have made so much more noise than those who are 
for it. 

Then Mr. Nasmyith showed how dependent were 
the President's fourteen points on the idea of a 
League. Points from seven to fourteen are con- 
cerned with territorial problems, Belgium, Alsace- 
Lorraine, the Balkans, Poland, — all the great ter- 
ritorial difficulties which constituted causes of the 
war. These shall he dealt with from a perfectly 
unselfish standpoint by an unprejudiced League, 
a League not for the repression of war but to re- 
move the causes of future war. "On territorial 
principles of international justice the League can 
endure," the speaker said, "but the findings of in- 
ternational justice can not stand without a League 
to enforce them." 

The first six points of the President's program 
he then analysed as affected by a League of Na- 
tions. The utter impossibility of secret treaties, 
of restricted navigation or trade opportunities 
under such a system were well illustrated. Mr. 
Nasymth assured his audience that disarmament 
could not possibly come without a firmly estab- 
lished League. That oriental colonies will become 
a menace to the peace of the world unless Wilson's 
plan of satisfying equally the native population and 
the mother-country under an impartial League, 
was clearly pointed out. 

Mr. Nasmyth, in dealing with Wilson's sixth 
point, the evacuation of Russia, showed very strik- 
ingly that this is no mere territorial question, but 
that it will be the precedent for future inter- 
ference of the League in the internal affairs of a 
single nation. If the Allies interfere in the Rus- 
sian revolutions now they arc acting like the fa- 
mous Holy Alliance which gave peace to Europe 
for a time after the Napoleonic wars, but which, 

because it suppressed revolution, became abhor- 
rent to all progressive peoples. 

"The alternative to the kirid of settlement Wil- 
son wants is not an imperialistic settlement, but 
a widespread revolution." If the people of Europe 
see that this conference is going to result as other 
conferences have in the past it will lead to war, 
"the breakdown of civilization." European diplo- 
mats realize this and will be careful for this reason. 

"There must be a new idea of justice in the 
world," said Mr. Nasmyth, "We must be just to 
those we don't want to be just to." 

The League of Nations, the speaker concluded, 
is the greatest task mankind has ever set out to 


The third week in March has been set aside as 
a week of prayer similar to the one held last year 
with Dr. King. Our leader is to be Dr. Henry S. 
Coffin, pastor of the Madison Avenue Presbyterian 
Church in New York City. During the fifteen 
years in which he has been its pastor the church 
has grown to be one of the leading institutional 
churches of the country with a membership of over 
twelve hundred and a ten-story parish house, 
equipped with gymnasium, swimming pool and 
many kinds of work rooms. , 

In addition to his work as head df this church, 
• Dr. Coffin is professor of sermon writing at Union 
Seminary and the author of a number of books 
presenting the modern view point in religion. "In 
a Time of Rebuilding" — the book embodying the 
Beecher Lectures given by him at Yale this past 
year — is one of the clearest statements of the 
problems and the opportunities of modern social 
Christianity. In view of his wide range of work, 
Dr. Coffin seems especially fitted to bring to us a 
message of faith and courage in this great time of 
change, to make clear any problem which may 
challenge or puzzle us. There will be a box placed 
beneath the Christian Association Board to re- 
ceive any questions which you would like Dr. 
Coffin to answer. 


The class of 1922 has chosen its leaders for this 

President, Emmavail Luce. 

Vice-President, Nancy Toll. 

Recording Secretary, Helen Woodruff. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mary Pringle Barret. 

Treasurer, Grace Osgood. 

College Government Advisory Board, Margaret 
Eddy, Eleanor Norton. 

Senator, Margaret Byard. 

Class Executive Committee, Marion Scofield, 
Frances Sturgis, Lois Cleveland. 

Factotums, Dorothy Underhill, Martha Ander- 

Your Opportunity To Loam 


By coming to us two or three times a 
week for the rest of the year, what- 
ever time you can spare, you could 
master the principles of 




By June 1. 


18 Boylston St., BOSTON, MASS.